Australia is the largest
island in the world and it is the smallest
Australia is situated in
the south-west of the Pacific Ocean. The area of
this country is 7,7 million square kilometres.
Australia is the driest continent on
the Earth. The unique climate and the isolation of
Australia from other continents explain the existence of unusual plants and animals.
States and territories
The Commonwealth of Australia
is a self-governing federal state. It has got 6
states: New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania and 2 territories.
The capital of the country
Canberra was specially planned
as a capital.
There are 5 big cities in
Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and Brisbane.
Sydney is the oldest and
largest city in Australia.
big industrial centre.
It is a
About 5 million people live in the city.
There is a great number
of attractions in Sydney. The most well-known ones are
Sydney Opera House, Sydney Harbour Bridge, St Mary's Catholic Cathedral, Royal Botanical Gardens, Luna Park, Australian Museum of Natural History and Anthropology, Museum of Contemporary Art and several others.
the Sydney Opera House
famous building in the country is the Sydney Opera
House. Its roof looks like sails. It is a masterpiece of architecture.
Australian national flag
Australian national flag consists
of 5 white stars of the Southern Cross and
the white Commonwealth star (the large seven pointed star) on a blue background with a Union Jack in canton.
Australia officially adopted green
and gold as its national colours in 1984.
The country has some species of
animals, which can’t be found anywhere else. Among them,
koalas, kangaroos, wallabies, flightless emus and many others.