On February, 14th we celebrate the Valentine’s day
– Day of Enamoured.
People give each other gifts and cards.
Game-competition «Famous pairs of the enamoured».
The history of Valentine’s day begin with Ancient
The first legend.
The Roman emperor Klavdy II wanted
to create the strongest army. One of the point
of the army charter Claudia was an inderdiction for a marriage.
But the soldiers often broke this interdiction. Christian
priest Valentine helped them. He had married hundreds legionaries.
Claudias has ordered to execute the brave confessor.
The second legend.
Valentine was to the prisoners who
have grown fond of the fine daughter of the
jailer which visited him.
Before death the prisoner has written her the
love letter signed : ‘’Your Valentine”. Therefore “Valentine Cards”,
sent by girls “in the answer” to the boyfriends, in Great Britain it is accepted to sign cards-words: “ Be my Valentine”.
The third legend.
Romanshad a pagan tradition in
the middle of February, that is 14th, to spend
“ a love lottery”. They considered, that spring updating of a life begins in the middle of month winters. At lottery carrying out small notes which people sympathizing each other exchanged were used. Quite often , the lottery came to an end with weddings.
Game-competition «Hit the heart».
In 496 year, Pope Gelasy has published special
bulla, established the Valentine’s day as official a religious
In the Wales cut out wooden “love spoons”
and gave their favorite on 14th of February. Spoons
were decorated by hearts, keys and keyholes that you meant “ has found a way to my heart”.
In XVlll century the holiday was recognized in
all social strata, and even beggars found possibility to
exchange with friends and favorite small gifts or notes.
Today, the oldest “Valentine Card” in the world,
written in those “Roman time”, occupies place of honnour
among exhibits of the British museum.
The first printing “Valentine’s Card” have appeared much
later – in the end of XVlll century them
have started to print in England. Today by February, the 14th worldwide sell about 2 billion of “Valentine’s Cards”.
In 1835 Pope GrigoryXVl has given to simple
Irish priest John Spratt to the award for a
just way of life an urn in which as speak, there are Sacred Valentine’s ashes. This gift and today annually – on February, 14th – expose on a review in Dublin church Whitefriar.
English children don’t miss an opportunity to receive
the gift by a holiday. They goon houses and
Sometimes they receives an apple – a love
and beauty symbol.
Girls and young men of England trust in
guessings on the Valentine’s day. For example, unmarried girls
rise on February, 14th before sunrise, become near a window and look at passing men. The first man whom they will see, and is the promised. Unmarried English girls throw in the river the curtailed scarps of paper with the man’s names written on them. The name which will emerge the first, will carry the future groom.